Expert Author Susan Leigh
Recent research done by Glasgow and Stirling University has revealed that pregnant women are more likely to stop smoking when incentivised by shopping vouchers. Their research found that 23% of pregnant women stopped smoking when promised £400 of vouchers, whereas only 9% stopped of their own accord without an incentive.
From a cynical or even a practical point of view it might be worth £400 for the NHS to do everything it can to support the birth of healthy children, but this still leaves 68% of women continuing to smoke when pregnant, even after a financial incentive has been offered to them.
Why is it that sometimes we need extra help to do the right thing? These days we are constantly bombarded with information about the right way to live, what we need to do to support good health, what we should be eating, drinking, the best exercise regimens, what's deemed to be appropriate alcohol consumption; you'd think that by now we'd be programmed to do the right thing in every area of our lives!
How is it then that some of us still struggle to do the right thing and find it hard, for example, to stop smoking when pregnant? It's often the case that smoking, and indeed many other habit and behaviour patterns, are often part of the more complicated relationship we have with rewards, treats and managing our lives.
Could it be that some people lead stressful lives and regard their cigarettes, booze or chocolate, their shopping or betting on the horses as a quick fix, the one friend they can rely on in times of stress or upset, the thing that guarantees immediate relief, helps them feel better for a while. Taking a few minutes for a cigarette break or having something that provides respite can be a very seductive option, even if it brings regrets afterwards at having given in to the temptation.
In the case of pregnancy, a woman may have had a long-established relationship with cigarettes which she struggles to sever; she may have anxieties at being pregnant and is relying on cigarettes to help her get through. Other women may choose to continue smoking when pregnant because they've heard that it makes the baby smaller and therefore the birth easier. Some women may feel that cigarettes keep them calm and that they're better off with them than without them.
Surely though there's some concern at offering cash inducements and bribes for people to forgo their bad habits in order to take responsibility for their health and well-being. What about the people who are already committed to 'doing the right thing' and consequently lose out on receiving these benefits?
Might it be more appropriate to offer those others actual support in order for them to become more confident, improve their self-esteem, find ways to become more assertive, manage stress better, learn ways to overcome past experiences if relevant? Therapy, education and training can help in adopting better habits.
Is there a danger of handouts becoming viewed as a quick fix to all problems? I'm aware of a local school which offers a points system for troublesome children. Every time they're 'good' they're awarded points which are posted on a big wall chart for all to see. At the end of the year the 'best' of the troublesome children stand the chance of winning a bicycle. The other 'good', well-behaved children are excluded from this opportunity, presumably on the basis that being good brings its own reward!
Other schemes are in place that pay people to lose weight. From an accountancy perspective these schemes may have some merit. A few thousand pounds in rewards may save the hard-pressed NHS a fortune from the potential health implications of obesity, but are we really wanting to cultivate a nation of people who look to others for a handout before they choose to take responsibility for their own health and well-being, or for the well-being of their unborn children?
How about rewarding the good guys, the men and women who look after their bodies, take good care of themselves, follow a healthy diet, exercise regularly and aim to take responsibility for themselves? How about encouraging and supporting, rather than paying off or demonising those who find it hard to break away from old habits. Let's provide appropriate education, encouragement and support which enables people to feel motivated rather than lectured at or berated. Doing the right thing sometimes requires a little extra help. Let's look to provide that help appropriately.
Expert Author Susan Leigh
December and January can often be months which provide valuable opportunities for reflection and time to evaluate the direction in which our life is heading. The long holiday period can provide a natural break in which to assess what's been achieved during the previous twelve months and give time to start planning for the coming New Year.
We may start January full of good intentions but it's not uncommon to soon fall back into old habits, especially if some of our plans fall by the wayside. Then we can end up berating ourselves, feeling a failure and becoming disappointed at our lack of progress.
Let's consider what may happen, even when we're full of good intentions, and then explore ways to help us maintain our resolve.
- Check if you're setting yourself goals that don't particularly motivate you. It may be that you're adopting someone else's agenda; they want you to stop smoking, join a gym, learn a particular skill or be a successful business person, but if that doesn't fill you with joy you're not going to sustain your enthusiasm beyond the first hurdle that comes along. You have to really want something in order to persevere though the difficult and stressful times. A positive focus can keep you motivated and on track when the going gets tough.
- Timing is important. There may be many things happening in your life that demand your time and energy, leaving you with few reserves for new challenges and opportunities, no matter how inspirational they may be. Financial worries, children, ailing relatives, a demanding boss may all feature in your life and leave you with little time or mental space to dedicate to something new. If that happens you may need to respect yourself and focus on your immediate quality of life in order to support your health and wellbeing.
- Find something that has meaning for you, that allows you to feel that you've done something really special with your time. But if it's not viable for you to fully immerse yourself in a project or career change at the moment, might you be able to organise your time and commitments a little differently? It might free you up and enable you to become involved in something on a smaller scale that holds real interest for you.
- Is there a way you could discuss your dreams and aspirations and let others know what you'd love to be doing? Others may be genuinely unaware of how you feel or not fully appreciate the many demands that are made of you. You may be perceived as someone who thrives on being busy, who undertakes everything with apparent ease. Share your stresses and let others in.
- Ask for help. It's not a sign of weakness to let others be supportive. Or consider buying in help so that you can use your time more efficiently. Some skills like accountancy, technical expertise, PA support can often be outsourced on an ad hoc basis and can reduce your stress levels whilst freeing up your time. On a domestic level it may be useful to consider hiring cleaning, ironing or garden support so that time at home is not spent fully occupied with chores.
- Lists can be a good way to encourage a clearer focus. Spending twenty minutes on a Sunday to assess the week ahead or sitting down each evening to plan the next day can be a great way to bring the spotlight back on those good intentions. Decide what needs to be done each day in order to move towards your goals. Making a phone call, arranging a meeting, filling out a form may seem like tiny steps, but each step can move you in the direction you want to go. At the end of each day give yourself credit for the actions you've taken.
- Failure's okay. If you try something and it doesn't pan out the way you'd hoped, that's fine. You've learned something new, tried something out and possibly made some new contacts along the way. Don't allow failure to signify the end; it's merely a setback or detour along the way, and sometimes those detours can bring unexpected opportunities and gifts.
- Don't wait for everything to be perfect before you have a go. Not every 'I' needs to be dotted or 't' crossed. Often simply getting started can provide sufficient impetus for things to start coming together and happening.
- Use the winter months as a time to de-clutter and clear out the old. When we keep adding to our 'stuff', without taking time to assess what we've already got, we can gradually become mentally and physically overwhelmed and unable to appreciate the things that are important. It's important to make time to occasionally discard the old so that we can appreciate the new.
- Being 'resilient' is often thought of as being tough, strong and keeping going no matter what. In fact resilience demands that we stop occasionally, take stock of things and then adapt and grow in the light of new challenges and new goals. The companies I work with and the workshops I run, place a high value on training staff to be resilient by taking stock of the present moment and learning to adapt to an ever-hanging and unpredictable future.
Just as the trees use winter to shed their leaves and rest awhile, so we too can benefit from a period of reflection and introspection. Use this natural break to consider your options and formulate a viable action plan. Then your good intentions can really start to take shape.
Expert Author Susan Leigh
How often have we enviously watched when someone, perhaps someone we know, achieved a goal that to us appeared impossible? How on earth did they manage it? We know that adopting the right mindset is important. That, coupled with a little luck, hard work and refusing to treat setbacks and hurdles as blockages and impediments lets them focus on reaching where they'd aimed for. They treated stumbling blocks as stepping-stones.
When we have a goal, whether it be academic, personal or business related, it makes things clearer when we break the different stages into bite-sized chunks. If we're aiming to run a marathon, earn a qualification, lose some weight, learn to drive, it's sensible to set out stepping-stones from where we are to where we want to be. When we're moving a sizeable distance or through rough, unchartered waters it's can make it less daunting to provide a raised stone or two where we can step and safely cross.
- Support is often necessary. Would a coach, mentor or trainer be a valuable addition to your team? They've often been there, done it and are aware of what's required, or they understand the process sufficiently well to educate, motivate and inspire us to stay on target. It's good to have someone with whom we can discuss each stage, who holds us accountable for our actions and who continues to provide motivation and inspiration.
- Interim goals can be good as they're an acknowledgement that we're moving in the right direction. Recognising each stage of the journey can significantly impact on our motivation levels, especially or dark days when we've achieved very little or have perhaps slipped back. Some days we may feel that we've taken two steps forward and one step back, but movement of any kind means that we're not standing still.
- A big stumbling block can be when we're asked to do something slightly outside our immediate skill set. We may know most, but not all of what's being asked of us. Rather than decline the work or try to muddle through why not use it as a great stepping-stone to forming an alliance with someone who can bridge that gap, oftentimes bringing a win/win result where both parties add value to each other's businesses.
- A more positive approach to failure can allow us to treat stumbling blocks as stepping-stones. If success comes too easily it can prompt us to ask, 'are we making the best of ourselves, are we aiming for our highest goals?' When a high-jumper clears the bar they simply keep on raising it until they're not able to clear it any more. They continue to challenge themselves. Adopting a positive approach to setbacks and treating them as opportunities for growth allows you to move out of your comfort zone and be inspired to even greater heights.
- Find alternative routes that push you to improve and progress. Your stepping-stones may be about equipping yourself in advance with the knowledge and experience you need to power forward. You could perhaps start by volunteering at a charity, offering to work for free, starting an internship, shadowing someone who'll provide you with a chance to practise; explore whatever stumbling blocks there may be, make mistakes and acquire important skills relevant to your goal. And sometimes trying a completely different niche, outside of your comfort zone, may introduce you to people, skills and learning opportunities that are relevant and transferable.
- Your stepping-stones may require you to sit exams to provide evidence, both to yourself and to others, that you're serious, are on your way and are determined to succeed. This could be essential, especially if you're looking for a professional or qualification-demanding career or role.
- Goals may require a variety of skill sets along the way. Training to run a marathon may require you to lose weight, organise your time better in order to regularly train, let go of some of your responsibilities, delegate better or enlist help with family or work-related commitments. Could it be worthwhile to outsource some of the routine distractions that eat up so much of your time and energy? What about hiring someone to help with the domestic chores like cleaning, ironing or gardening, or to take over your routine business support like admin, accounts or social media management? It could cost you financially, but it may be worth it.
Stumbling blocks can offer opportunities to learn important lessons and new skills along the way. And if we reach a certain stage and then have to pause a while, that's fine too. Acknowledge that stepping-stones sometimes move us a way along and then provide space for a break, a breather, time to focus on other things in our lives whilst enjoying a new, rather different view.

من يتوقع ان أهم ميزات تطبيق المساعد الذكي "كورتانا" لن تعود متوفرة على التطبيق الخاص بالاندرويد، فقد اندهش جميع المستخدمين بعد التحديث الجديد الذي قامت به مايكروسوفت على تطبيق "Cortana" و الذي يزيل ميزة "Hey Cortana !" و التي تسمح باستدعاء المساعد الشخصي الذكي من مايكروسوفت عبر أمر صوتي.

التحديث الجديد الذي سبق إطلاقه في الولايات المتحدة الأمريكية يكشف عن عدم وجود هذه الميزة المعتادة والتي تعتبر من أفضل ما يميز المساعد الرقمي "كورتانا"، وأشارت بعض المصادر الإعلامية أن السبب وراء حذف الميزة على منصة الاندرويد هو التعارض مع ميزة "Ok Google" التي تسمح باستدعاء المساعد الذكي "Google Now" من غووغل.

و سبق لشركة مايكروسوفت ان أعلنت قبل بضعة أشهر عن تطبيق "كورتانا" المتاح رسميا للاستخدام على منصة الاندرويد، إلا أنه كما أشارت التكهنات أنه لن يأتي بمثل ميزات التطبيق الخاص بمنصة الويندوز فون نظرا لبعض المشاكل المتعلقة أولا بعدم توافق العتاد الداخلي للاجهزة ونظام ويندوز فون فضلا عن مشاكل متعلقة بوجود المساعد الذكي "غووغل ناو" على منصة الاندرويد المطورة رسميا من طرف شركة غووغل.

حاليا لم تقدم مايكروسوفت تعليقا حول إزالة ميزة "Hey Cortana" على منصة الاندرويد، وسنوافيكم بالمزيد من التفاصيل وقتما توفر ذلك.
الانترنت هي مدرسة على عكس ما يعتقده مجموعة من الاخوان ان الانترنت هي بحر لا حدود له و أغلب نتائجه تصب في منحى سلبي ، حيث و من خلال هذه الشبكة تستطيع أن تتعلم مجموعة من الأمور و في مجالات متنوعة للتطوير من مستواك دون الحاجة لمغادرة المنزل بل و من حاسوبك فقط!

موقع سيفيدك حتما في تعلم البرمجة ، اصلاح الهواتف و الحواسيب و العديد (يدعم العربية)
في هذا الموضوع على مدونة المحترف سوف أشارككم موقع غير عادي صراحة يضم مجموعة من الأقسام المفيدة و العملية و التي من خلالها تستيطع التعلم على الانترنت و بالمجان ، حيث أن موقع 4programmer يعمل على جمع أكبر عدد ممكن من الدروس على اليوتيوب و بمختلف اللغات من بينها اللغة العربية بطبيعة الحال.

من بين الأقسام المهمة نذكر قسم البرمجة و تسيير الشبكات بالاضافة دروس و فيديوهات لتعليم طرق اصلاح الهواتف أو الحواسيب و العديد .. بعد و لوجك الى الموقع و كأفضل طريقة لايجاد ما تود تعلمه أنصحك بالنقر على Courses في أعلى الصفحة ثم Show all categories أنذاك تستطيع معرفة جميع الأقسام و من ثم تختار ما تريد الشرع في تعلمه .. بالتوفيق للجميع.

رابط الموقع : 4programmer
لا شك أنه في كثير من الأحيان تريد تحميل إحدى التطبيقات من متجر جوجل بلاي فتواجهك مشكلة عدم توافق التطبيق مع جهازك خاصة إذا كان ذا مواصفات ضعيفة نوعا ما، و هذا راجع لكون هاتفك يتوفر على إصدار قديم، لهذا في موضوع اليوم سأقدم لك الحل النهائي لهذه المشكلة من خلال تطبيق.
تطبيق رائع لتغيير إصدار هاتفك لكي تتمكن من تحميل التطبيقات الغير متوافقة مع جهازك بسهولة
التطبيق يدعى Build Prop Editor و يتجلى دوره في جعل هاتفك يبدوا و كأنه ينتمي للإصدار الحديث، و للاستفادة من التطبيق يجب أولا أن يكون هاتفك يتوفر على صلاحيات الروت و التي يمكنك الحصول عليها من خلال موضوع سبق التطرق إليه : أحصل على صلاحيات الروت بطريقة سهلة.
بعد ذلك حمّل التطبيق على جهازك و أنقر على زر القلم المتواجد بالأسفل من أجل التعديل و تغيير إصدار هاتفك.
ستظهر لك مجموعة كبيرة من الملفات توجه إلى ro product model  ثم قم بتغيير إصدار هاتفك فمثلا أنا اخترت sm-n910f 
بعد ذلك ضع نفس الإسم الذي اخترت في كل من ro product name   و ro product device و ro product board ثم إضغط علىSave  و بهذا قد تكون غيّرت إصدار هاتفك بطريقة ذكية و سهلة لتتمكن بعد ذلك من تحميل أي تطبيق على بلاي ستور دون مشاكل، و كملاحظة فإن الخدعة صالحة أيضا بالنسبة للهواتف الأخرى غير سامسونج.
لتحميل التطبيق: Build Prop Editor
أمازون تسحب من موقعها أحد أهم ابتكارات العام الحالي
بسبب ازدياد عدد الحوادث و ارتفاع حدة الجدل حول مخاطرها، قررت شركة أمازون أخيرا وقف مبيعات عدة طرازات من ألواح التزلج الشهيرة "Hoverboard" ذاتية التوازن رغم النجاح الكبير التي تحققه هذه الأخيرة.

و كانت موضة ألواح التزلج ذاتية التوازن Hoverboard قد لقيت إقبالا كبيرا خلال السنة الحالية خصوصا من طرف فئة الشباب، و كان من المنتظر أن تحقق شركة أمازون أرباحا أكبر من وراء بيع هذه الأجهزة خصوصا في فترة عطلة أعياد الميلاد، إلا أن الشركة قررت أخيرا سحب جميع طرازات الألواح ذاتية التوازن من موقعها.

أمازون بررت قرارها بارتفاع نسبة الحوادث الناجمة أساسا عن انفجار بطاريات ألواح Hoverboard و اشتعال النيران فيها مما يشكل خطرا كبيرا على المستخدمين، حيث أكدت أمازون أنها لا توصي المستخدمين بشرائها و أوقفت المبيعات حاليا إلى غاية التأكد من طرف الجهات المصنعة من كونها تحترم معايير السلامة الأساسية.

في الكثير من الأحيان ما نقوم بالتقاط صور باستعمال الهاتف و نرغب في نقلها الى الحاسوب و هذا الأمر يجعلنا نشرع في ربط الهاتف بالحاسوب عن طريق كيبل usb حيث ان هذه الطريقة الكلاسيكية وجد لها العديد من الحلول لكن قد تكون هذه الأخيرة تعتمد على بعض البرامج و تطبيقات معقدة الى غير مستحبة من طرف فئة لا يستهان بها من المستخدمين.
طريقة نقل ملفات جهازك الأندرويد الى الحاسوب و العكس دون كيبل usb و بدون برنامج
في هذا الموضوع سوف أشارككم على مدونة تقني فور طريقة بسيطة جدا و أكثر من سهلة بكل صراحة لنقل الملفات و تصفح ملفات هاتفك أو أي جهاز يعمل بالأندرويد بدون ربط هذا الأخير بحاسوبك عن طريق كيبل usb فقط و من خلال انشاء ip لتزامن الحاسوب مع الهاتف ، فما يجب أن تعلمه أنك لن تقوم بتثبيت أي برنامج على حاسوبك فستقوم بتحميل تطبيق صغير الحجم على جهازك الأندرويد و هو تطبيق مشهور جدا أعتقد أنه متوفر بأي جهاز أندرويد (اسم التطبيق : ES File Explorer) ستجد رابطه أسفل التدوينة كالعادة ثم تذهب الى القائمة الجانبية اليسرى بالتطبيق تنقر عليها ثم Network بعد ذلك تختار Remote Manager.
جميل .. الأن انقر على Turn On اذ و قبل ذلك تأكد جيدا أنك تلج نفس شبكة الواي فاي سواء على الحاسوب أو على الهاتف ، سيتم انشاء ip تزامني لربط الهاتف بالحاسوب و كما تشاهد معي في الصورة فذلك هو ip ستقوم بكتابته على شريط this pc بحاسوبك (My computer) ثم ستظهر لك جميع ملفات هاتفك كما أنك تستطيع حذف الأولى و نقل الأخرى كما تشاء و كأنك قمت بربط هاتفك بكيبل usb .. ناهيك عن تخليك و عدم الحاجة الى درايفر أو تعريف الهاتف بحاسوبك و العديد من الأمور.
رابط تحميل التطبيق : ES File Explorer File Manager